We take an in-depth look at Graeme Smith's time as South Africa captain
Graeme Smith's international retirement is an abrupt end of an era for South African cricket.
Last Updated: 04/03/14 11:40am
1981: February 1 - Born in Johannesburg.
2002: March 8 - Made his Test debut against Australia in Cape Town, batting at number three and scoring 68 in the second innings as South Africa went on to lose by four wickets.
Promoted to open the batting with Herschelle Gibbs against Bangladesh in his third Test match, scoring 200.
March 30 - Made his one-day international debut against Australia in Bloemfontein, scoring 41 in a 37-run loss.
In the following home series against Pakistan, Smith (who scored 151) and Gibbs (228) shared a first-wicket stand of 368 - a then national record and, at the time, the fourth highest opening partnership in Test history.
Was awarded the South African Cricketer of the Year award for his performances in the 2001-02 season.
2003: Became the youngest ever captain of the South Africa Test side at 22 years old, succeeding Shaun Pollock after the 2003 Cricket World Cup despite playing only eight Tests and 22 ODIs.
July-August - Scored back-to-back double centuries on the 2003 tour of England, including a national record 277.
Cricketer of the Year
2004: Named Wisden Cricketer of the Year.
2005: Played county cricket for Somerset. Against Leicestershire he scored his maiden first-class triple ton (311 off 255 balls) and also captained the team to victory on finals day to secure the Twenty20 trophy, making 64 not out from 47 balls in the final.
October 21 - Made his Twenty20 international debut against New Zealand in Johannesburg, top scoring with 61 runs in a five-wicket defeat.
2006: March 12 - Led South Africa to a ODI victory over Australia in Johannesburg. The tourists set South Africa a world record 434 for four from 50 overs, which was successfully chased as they reached 438 for nine with a ball to spare. Smith scored 90 runs off 55 balls in the chase, and shared in a second wicket partnership of 187 runs with Gibbs.
2007: February 4 - In the first ODI against Pakistan, Smith smashed an over bowled by Naved-ul-Hasan for 27 runs and became the first player in ODI history to hit six fours off an over.
March-April - In the 2007 World Cup he started the tournament with four successive 50s, a feat never before achieved by a captain.
2008: February 29 - During the second Test against Bangladesh at Chittagong, Smith (who scored 232) and Neil McKenzie (226) put on a world record 415 for the first wicket. The partnership was Smith's fourth opening partnership of over 300 runs and his sixth of over 200 runs, both Test records.
Win in England
August - Captained South Africa to their first Test series win in England since 1965. In scoring 108 in the second innings of the first Test at Lord's, Smith participated in a seventh double-century opening partnership, again in conjunction with McKenzie. He also scored a second-innings 154 not out in the third Test at Edgbaston.
2008: December - Captained the first South Africa side to win a Test series in Australia, inflicting a first home defeat on the opponents in 16 years.
2011: March 25 - Stepped down as ODI and Twenty20 captain after the 2011 World Cup and was replaced by AB de Villiers.
2012: July 19 - Recovered from an ankle injury to face England in a three-Test series in what was his 100th Test appearance.
November 1 - Was announced as the new captain of Surrey, starting from the 2013 season.
2013: February 1 - Captained his 100th career Test match against Pakistan, on his 32nd birthday.
2014: March 3 - Announced his retirement from international cricket following the ongoing third Test against Australia. Smith holds the world record for captaining in most Test matches - 110 - and also ends his international career holding the records for the highest number of wins in Test matches as skipper, with 50 wins, and the most number of centuries (15) by a captain in Test match wins.