Wasim Jaffer's unbeaten 192 allowed India to dominate the opening day of the second Test against Pakistan in Kolkata.
Rahul Dravid and Sachin Tendulkar supported Jaffer with half-centuries as India took full advantage of a superb batting surface at Eden Gardens to close the first day on 352-3.
Younus Khan led Pakistan in the absence of captain Shoaib Malik, who failed a fitness test on his injured ankle.
Pace spearhead Shoaib Akhtar recovered sufficiently from a chest infection to be named in the starting XI, but managed to deliver just nine overs after struggling with cramps.
Pakistan's day began promisingly when Shoaib's new-ball partner Sohail Tanvir (1-118) made a breakthrough with his first delivery, tempting Dinesh Karthik (1) to edge a low catch to Younus at second slip.
But that was the high point for the tourists as the early damage was repaired by India's second-wicket pair of Jaffer and Dravid during a stand of 136.
Dravid was the second wicket to fall in the 41st over when umpire Billy Doctrove gave him out caught behind off leg-spinner Danish Kaneria for exactly 50.
It was a poor decision from the West Indian official as Dravid's bat hit the ground rather than the ball - wicketkeeper Kamran Akmal only belatedly adding his voice to the appeal.
Jaffer went on to complete a typically elegant century - his fifth in Tests - during the afternoon.
Tendulkar, with whom Jaffer added 175 either side of tea, also looked set for a three-figure score until Kaneria (2-126) deceived him with a googly to end his innings at 82.
Local hero Sourav Ganguly (17no) joined Jaffer for the final hour and the pair added an unbroken 39 to see India through to the close, which came five overs early due to bad light.
Jaffer, who faced 255 balls and struck 32 fours, will resume tomorrow requiring another eight for a double-century.
India won the series-opener in Delhi by six wickets and can seal the three-match series with another victory in Kolkata.