The 23-year-old reached the World Tour Finals for the first time and while he was eliminated at the group stage, he enjoyed success throughout 2016 including a first career Grand Slam semi-final at the French Open.
Thiem picked up four titles last year, coming on three different surfaces, including a first career grass court title in Stuttgart, while five of his seven titles have come on clay.
A flowing backhand and solid groundstrokes have helped him build a game that has caused problems for everyone he has faced, and while Roland Garros was a high he will want to improve on his major performances.
He struggled at Wimbledon, crashing out in the second round in straight sets against Jiri Vesely before being forced to retire in the fourth round of the US Open midway through his match with giant Argentine Juan Martin del Potro.
While his Australian Open last year ended in the third round, it was the furthest he had gone at Melbourne, eventually beaten in four sets by David Goffin having never previously been beyond round two.