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Spring classics: A beginner's guide to Paris-Roubaix, Milan-San Remo and the other one-day races

Team Sky's Ian Stannard talks through each event

Paris-Roubaix 2014 generic

Sir Bradley Wiggins' primary focus on the road this year is on the spring classics, which are now under way.

He is targeting Paris-Roubaix on April 12 in particular, but what is that race, and what are the classics?

With input from Team Sky’s Ian Stannard, winner of Omloop Het Nieuwsblad in 2014 and 2015, here’s everything you need to know…


Whereas the Tour de France is raced over three weeks, the classics are all one-day races, taking place mainly in Belgium and northern France from the end of February to the end of April. There are a handful of classics later on in the summer and autumn, but the core of the classics season takes place in the early spring. 

Fans out in force on one of the brutal cobbled climbs
Image: The Tour of Flanders is one of the five Monuments


Some classics are more high profile than others, and the five most prestigious are known as the Monuments. In date order, they are: Milan-San Remo, the Tour of Flanders, Paris-Roubaix, Liege-Bastogne-Liege and Il Lombardia.


The classics can be roughly separated into two groups: the cobbled classics and the Ardennes classes. However, there is the odd race that fits into neither and has its own unique characteristics.

The cobbled classics are raced over a combination of asphalt and cobblestones, frequently on tight and winding rural lanes. Some of the cobbled classics are mainly flat, such as Paris-Roubaix and Scheldeprijs, but others include a barrage or short and sharp hills, such as the Tour of Flanders and E3 Harelbeke. They are traditionally won by powerful riders who are expert bike-handlers on the cobbles, such as Fabian Cancellara or Tom Boonen.

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Image: La Fleche Wallonne is one of the Ardennes classics

The Ardennes classics are hilly races that all take place in the Ardennes region of Belgium and the Netherlands. They have as much as 4,500m of vertical ascent and a race-deciding climb close to the finish. There are three Ardennes classics, all of which take place within the space of a week in April: Amstel Gold Race, La Fleche Wallonne and Liege-Bastogne-Liege. They are usually won by pure climbers, such as Alejandro Valverde or Joaquim Rodriguez, or riders who can power their way up short and sharp climbs, such as Philippe Gilbert or Simon Gerrans.

The most notable race not to fit into any of the above categories is Milan-San Remo, which contains late climbs but is usually seen as a classic for sprinters such as Mark Cavendish, who won the race in 2009. Another exception is Strade Bianche in Italy, which takes place over a combination of asphalt and gravel and includes a decisive late climb.


Aside from the terrain, the first thing to say about the classics is that they are the longest races in cycling. While the longest stage of this year’s Tour de France is 221km, Milan-San Remo is 293km, Paris-Roubaix is 253km, the Tour of Flanders is 264.9km and Liege-Bastogne-Liege is 267km.

Image: The classics are often raced in dreadful weather, such as Milan-San Remo in 2013

The other factor to take into account is the weather. Due to their place in the calendar, the classics can be battered by rain, wind, sleet and snow. For example, the 2013 edition of Milan-San Remo had to be stopped mid-race and re-started 50km further down the road due to snow. On wet days, riders will reach the finish line covered head to foot in mud.

In short, the classics are races for cycling’s hard men.


The classics come with some specialised terminology that will be useful to get your head around. Here are the main phrases you need to know…

- Pavé: The French word for cobblestones. Cobbles are a defining feature of races such as Paris-Roubaix and the Tour of Flanders.
- Berg: The Belgian word for a climb. The names of climbs in the Belgian classics almost always end in “…berg”, famous examples being the Koppenberg, the Paterberg and Taaienberg.
- Mur: Climbs that aren’t known as “bergs” tend to be referred to as “Mur”, which is the Dutch word for wall. These are usually short and very steep. An example is the Mur de Huy, which is the decisive climb of La Fleche Wallonne.
- Puncheur: A rider who flourishes on rolling terrain, and particularly short, sharp climbs. 


Ian Stannard talks through each of the spring classics…

Omloop Het Nieuwsblad (Saturday, February 28)

Race type: Cobbled classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 200.2km.

Stannard says: “Nieuwsblad kicks off the classics. Everyone has been racing in Australia and Qatar in warmer weather, but this is where the business starts. Because it’s still only late February, this race is generally a lot colder than the rest of the classics, and that can be a challenge in itself. Rain and even snow can play a big part.”

Winner: Ian Stannard (Team Sky) | Report

Ian Stannard wins the 2015 Omloop Het Nieuwsblad
Image: Ian Stannard won Omloop Het Nieuwsblad

Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne (Sunday, March 1)

Race type: Sprinters’ classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 197km.

Stannard says: “Kuurne is the second part of the opening weekend of the classics and although it is different to Nieuwsblad in terms of the profile and terrain, it is once again a tough battle that is frequently played out in difficult weather conditions.”

Winner: Mark Cavendish (Etixx - Quick-Step) | Report

Mark Cavendish wins the 2015 Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne ahead of Alexander Kristoff
Image: Mark Cavendish sprinted to victory at Kuurne-Brussels-Kuurne

Strade Bianche (Saturday, March 7)

Race type: Rolling, with gravel sections. Country: Italy. Distance: 200km.

Stannard says: “This is a totally different race to the northern European classics. You haven’t got the cobblestones, but the white dirt and gravel roads are very tricky to ride on and can be very slippy. If they are wet, they are a nightmare. On the plus side, it’s in Italy, so the weather is usually warmer.”

Winner: Zdenek Stybar (Etixx - Quick-Step) | Report

Zdenek Stybar during the 2015 Strade Bianche from to San Gimignano to Siena ll Campo on March 7, 2015 in Siena, Italy.
Image: Zdenek Stybar took a solo win at Strade Bianche

Milan-San Remo (Sunday, March 22)

Race type: Sprinters’ classic. Country: Italy. Distance: 293km.

Stannard says: “This is a monster race, almost 300km. There is a flurry of climbs at the end and although they are not the hardest climbs in the world, after 300km they really sap the legs. If a sprinter has got a good team to help control the race in the final, it is likely to end in a sprint. The final is really exciting.”

Winner: John Degenkolb (Giant-Alpecin) | Report

John Degenkolb, Alexander Kristoff, Michael Matthews, during the 2015 Milan-San Remo
Image: John Degenkolb won Milan-San Remo

Dwars Door Vlaanderen (Wednesday, March 25)

Race type: Cobbled classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 200.1km.

Stannard says: “Now back up in Belgium, the weather is starting to warm up a bit but the rain and wind can still be an issue. Dwars takes place on tight roads that are winding and dirty and if you aren’t paying attention, you can quite easily come off. It’s a real war to be at the front of the race. Concentration is key.”

Winner: Jelle Wallays (Topsport Vlaanderen-Baloise)

Jelle Wallays wins the 2015 Dwars door Vlaanderen
Image: Jelle Wallays won a wet Dwars Door Vlaanderen

E3 Harelbeke (Friday, March 27)

Race type: Cobbled classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 218km.

Stannard says: “Like Dwars, E3 uses some of the same climbs as the Tour of Flanders just over a week later. It’s one of those races where one little mistake can end your chances, so you really have to think about your strategy.”

Winner: Geraint Thomas (Team Sky) | Report

Geraint Thomas, E3 Harelbeke
Image: Geraint Thomas triumphed at E3 Harelbeke

Gent-Wevelgem (Sunday, March 29)

Race type: Sprinters’ cobbled classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 240km.

Stannard says: “Gent-Wevelgem leans towards the sprinters. We do two laps of the Kemmelberg, which is a cobbled climb, but both come quite a long way from the finish so there is time for teams to regroup and bring their sprinters back up to the front.”

Winner: Luca Paolini (Katusha) | Report

Luca Paolini wins the 2015 Gent-Wevelgem
Image: Luca Paolini won Gent-Wevelgem solo

Tour of Flanders (Sunday, April 5)

Race type: Cobbled classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 264.9km.

Stannard says: “Flanders is a huge event in Belgium and has a lot of tradition and history behind it. It’s almost the national day and everyone comes out to watch it. There are people five and six deep on the climbs drinking beer and it’s a really special atmosphere. In some of the smaller classics you can get up the gutters on the cobbled climbs, which are smoother, but at the Tour of Flanders they move the barriers forward and crowd are in the gutter. It makes it a lot harder, but it’s still brilliant to race.”

Winner: Alexander Kristoff (Katusha) | Report

Alexander Kristoff, Tour of Flanders
Image: Alexander Kristoff sprinted to victory at the Tour of Flanders

Scheldeprijs (Wednesday, April 8)

Race type: Sprinters’ cobbled classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: 204.2km.

Stannard: “Scheldeprijs sits in between the Tour of Flanders and Paris-Roubaix and although there are some flat cobbled sections, it’s a more straightforward and easier race, and for that reason it usually ends up with a sprinter winning it.”

Winner: Alexander Kristoff (Katusha)

Alexander Kristoff wins the 2015 Scheldeprijs
Image: Alexander Kristoff took his second classics win of the year at Scheldeprijs

Paris-Roubaix (Sunday, April 12)

Race type: Cobbled classic. Country: France. Distance: 253km.

Stannard says: “Paris-Roubaix is nicknamed the ‘Hell of the North’ and that’s a fitting description. There aren’t any climbs, but the cobbles rip your hands and body apart. By the time you get to the finish, it feels like you have been racing for three weeks rather than one day. It ends in the velodrome in Roubaix and just getting there is an achievement. It’s a true epic.”

Amstel Gold Race (Sunday, April 19)

Race type: Ardennes classic. Country: Netherlands. Distance: 251km.

Stannard says: “I know a little less about the Ardennes classics because they are not my terrain. Amstel kicks off Ardennes classics week and, depending on who you speak to, it’s usually regarded as the easiest of the three.”

La Fleche Wallonne (Wednesday, April 22)

Race type: Ardennes classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: TBC.

Stannard says: “Fleche is difficult because it ends with a climb of the legendary Mur de Huy, which has maximum gradient of about 20 per cent. After 200km, that’s a really tough ask. The climbers usually win here.”

Liege-Bastogne-Liege (Sunday, April 26)

Race type: Ardennes classic. Country: Belgium. Distance: TBC.

Stannard says: “Liege is the most prestigious of the three Ardennes classics as it’s one of the five Monuments. Again, it’s one for the climbers and is usually won by the rider who times his attack the best.”

Il Lombardia (Sunday, October 4)

Race type: Climbers' classic. Country: Italy. Distance: TBC.

Stannard says: “Another classic for the climbers, Lombardia is littered with climbs and, once again, it’s all about timing your attack to perfection.”

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