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Jesse Marsch at Leeds United: Results do not tally with the constant talk of momentum and progress at Elland Road

Jesse Marsch continues to speak of momentum building at Leeds United but not everyone can see evidence of it. Adam Bate looks at the statistics and reflects on the disparity between the results and the mood music of the man in charge at Elland Road…

Jesse Marsch has been sacked by Leeds after eight months in charge
Image: Leeds United boss Jesse Marsch is on a six-game winless run in the Premier League

“This is for me our most complete performance that we have had since I have been here and the best example of how I believe that our team can play,” said Jesse Marsch. “We have something to attach ourselves to and a benchmark for how good we can be.”

Sitting in the press room at Villa Park earlier this month and being told that this had, in fact, been "a big step in the right direction" for Leeds United was an odd experience. You had to check. Marsch's side had indeed lost. It was their seventh game without a win.

Cardiff have since been thrashed in the FA Cup but the disparity between the coach's own assessment of his team's performances and the actual results continued against Brentford. The game finished goalless. Marsch spoke of momentum being gathered.

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Leeds boss Jesse Marsch believes his side is gathering momentum

Some see those positives. Others do not. At Villa Park, sections of the away support chanted for the manager to go. When he went over to them at the end, there were boos. "I would have expected an appreciation for how the team played," Marsch said afterwards.

In fairness, Leeds did have the clearer chances. Rodrigo rounded the Villa goalkeeper only to see his shot cleared from near the goal line. Jack Harrison's opportunity appeared even more straightforward only for Emiliano Martinez to somehow save from close range.

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Highlights from the Premier League match between Aston Villa and Leeds

Against Brentford, they were stifled more effectively. A deep defence did not offer the same opportunities to run in behind. Thomas Frank did not want his team to pass out from the back as often so Leeds struggled to win possession of the ball high up the pitch.

Still, the underlying numbers offer encouragement. Leeds looked the better side, 'winning' the expected-goals contest, just as they did against Villa when the data showed that they created more than any other side in the Premier League that weekend.

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In isolation, it is unfortunate. In context, there is less sympathy.

Marsch's relentless positivity can be a little jarring.

"What I have been trying to stress to them this whole time is committing to the process of becoming a better team and playing how we want. Finally, we do that. We put together a 90-minute performance that is exactly what we are trying to achieve."

Maybe this is the problem. It is certainly what makes Marsch's situation unique among the latest list of crisis clubs in the Premier League. Most under-pressure coaches are criticised because the perception is that they are struggling to implement their ideas.

That is not Marsch's issue right now. He is seeing his ideas in action. The players are, by his own measure, succeeding in delivering the brand of football that he demands. And yet, it is not working. Playing the sort of game that he wants to play is not bringing results.

What is Leeds' style?

Leeds are a tactically distinct team. This is worth stressing at a time when any new manager able to string a couple of results together is deemed worthy of having their surname prefixed to the word 'ball'. For better or for worse, Marsch-ball really is a thing.

Here are some metrics that illustrate that point. Leeds' appetite to win the ball back high up the pitch is unusual. Only Newcastle have made more high-intensity sprints than they have in the Premier League this season and this approach helps them to break up play.

Opta defines a sequence as a passage of play that is ended by a defensive action by the opponent or the ball going out of play, perhaps as a result of a shot. A pressed sequence is defined as one that ends within three passes inside the team's own half.

No team have forced more such situations than Leeds this season. They are an incredibly awkward team to pass the ball against because of this intensity. Their PPDA figure - opposition passes allowed per defensive action - is the lowest in the Premier League.

The result is that Leeds are able to start their own attacks closer to the opposition goal than all but the top two teams. However, that is where the similarities with Manchester City and Arsenal end, because Leeds are just as frantic with the ball as they are without it.

They are the most direct team in the Premier League in terms of the speed of their progression towards the opposition goal. It means they lose it more too. Opta defines a build-up attack as a sequence of 10 or more passes ending in a shot or a touch in the box.

Man City have had 117 of them. Leeds have had a mere fraction of that. It has happened just 16 times in 20 games. This is ideological. It is Marsch's vision of how football should be played - and the problem for him is that it is not leading to Leeds winning matches.

Of course, elements of this direct - some prefer 'vertical' - approach claim their lineage from Marsch's predecessor Marcelo Bielsa. It is why there were those at the club who were keen to pronounce the American as Bielsa's natural successor even after firing him.

The pair do share a passion for an intense game. The fear is that Leeds might have ditched the best bits of Bielsa and kept the worst. The tactical variety and subtlety of Leeds at the best is now absent but the chaotic defending remains, vulnerable and imprecise.

It was a criticism of Marsch during his brief time at RB Leipzig too. That commitment to aggressive play 'against the ball' fitted the Red Bull ethos. But once his team had possession, it was too unrefined even for Bundesliga tastes, the home of counter-pressing.

But Leeds have gone all in on Marsch. The money from the sales of Raphinha and Kalvin Phillips has been reinvested. Eight outfield players have arrived since the summer, none of them over the age of 25 and three of them from Marsch's former club in Salzburg.

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Georginio Rutter says he will give his new team more energy and confidence

There is potential in these signings. Wilfried Gnonto might be the pick of the lot, though Marsch has been denied some of the credit for his recent form because he did not see fit to start the youngster until the middle of November. That feels a little unfair.

"Outstanding," said Marsch after Gnonto shone at Villa. "Aggressive, dangerous, good on the ball, clever, intensive without the ball. He plays like he is seven feet tall. We are making progress with players so now it is really about bringing it all together as a team."

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Jermaine Beckford praised Wilfried Gnonto for his confidence and directness

There is still hope that their luck will turn. The expected-goals differential at Villa was not quite the biggest in a losing effort this season, but that record is held by Leeds against Arsenal. They have had the better chances in most of their draws too.

Even so, the ease with which Manchester City cut through at Elland Road just after Christmas skews the statistics against Marsch - a five-game rolling average of their expected goals scored and conceded does not reveal the progress of which he speaks.

"I know if we play like this we will get results much more often than we have," says Marsch. He sees Leeds "becoming the team we want to be" and says that "if everyone commits to the way we want to play, we can be a dynamic, attacking team." He is doubling down.

"We have to continue on this path," Marsch insists. But that is the big question now and not every supporter agrees. Is this an exciting young team on the brink of turning the corner or a talented group whose efforts are being undermined by systemic failings?

Expect views to crystallise soon. When the Premier League resumes, Leeds face Nottingham Forest before their double-header against Manchester United. Marsch will be looking for a performance. He might need more than that to convince everyone else.

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