Papiss Cisse has been charged with violent conduct following Sunday's clash with Everton's Seamus Coleman.
The Newcastle striker swung an elbow at Coleman during the first half of his side's Super Sunday win at St James's Park.
Cisse escaped punishment at the time and went on to score Newcastle's first goal in a 3-2 win, but he now faces a ban of three games if a Football Association charge is upheld.
He has until 6pm on Tuesday to respond to the charge, and a guilty plea would see him miss Premier League matches against Burnley and Chelsea as well as the FA Cup trip to Leicester.
Everton manager Roberto Martinez, speaking to Sky Sports after the game, called for Cisse to be punished, saying: "This is unacceptable, that an action like that goes unpunished.
"You get a situation where everyone is fighting for their position, all in control, and it's a clear elbow to try and hurt someone. Those are not actions we want to see on a football pitch. And the referee should have seen it."
And Sky Sports pundit Graeme Souness said: “Coleman is very lucky he’s not broken his jaw there. You understand when players come together there is pushing and shoving. But that is really nasty."